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U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council

Where Blueberries Grow

Most of the blueberries you find in the supermarket are highbush blueberries. They are plump, juicy and sweet, with vibrant colors ranging from deep purple-blue to blue-black, and highlighted by a silvery sheen called a bloom.

Dr. Frederick V. Coville and Elizabeth White first cultivated highbush blueberries in the early 20th Century, and today, dozens of commercial highbush varieties are thriving across the United States, Canada, South America and around the world.

Fresh blueberries are now available year-round. You can buy North American blueberries from April through October, and South American blueberries from November through March. The peak season for fresh blueberries in North America runs from mid-June to mid-August, with the earliest harvest in the southern states and west coast and the latest harvest in the northern states and Canada. Learn more about how blueberries grow.

Blueberry bushes can pop up all over the U.S., and while 38 states grow blueberries, ten states account for more than 98% of U.S. commercial production (listed in order of volume): Michigan, Oregon, Washington, Georgia, New Jersey, California, North Carolina, Florida, Mississippi and Indiana. In Canada, British Columbia is the primary producing region for highbush blueberries. Lowbush blueberries, used primarily in food processing, are grown in Maine and Eastern Canada.

More than half of all highbush blueberries are shipped to the fresh market, to keep pace with the ever-increasing demand. The rest are frozen, pureed, concentrated, canned or dried to be used in a wide range of food products, including yogurt, pastries, muffins, cereals and health bars. That way, blueberry goodness is available just about anywhere you look. Watch this video to see how blueberries travel from farm to table, or learn more about the blueberry market at www.blueberry.org.